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How to Plan an Everest Base Camp Trek in Nepal?

August,18 2018 BY Kham Sang 0 COMMENTS

For most of the travelers, Nepal can be called the ultimate destination. Nepal has been in the rank of the top 5 travel destinations throughout the world. The highest mountain, Everest has its home in Nepal. Although its name is known to all of us, its location is not known to everyone. For that firstly you have to reach the Everest Base Camp. EBC trek is the most adventurous trek in the world. It gives you a lifetime experience. Unlike the common misconception that EBC trek is beyond ordinary tourists’ reach, in fact trekking to the Everest Base Camp is an achievable task even for amateur trekkers with full preparation. You should meet a few clients who had been there earlier. There is not a single base camp but around 334 camps to Everest. All of these camps are open for trekking. The country is dotted with a number of base camps and also called as the gateway to mountains.

 Everest Base Camp Trek in NepalEverest Base Camp Trek in Nepal

It will be a wonderful experience for you but along with that, there are some perils throughout the way. All the trekkers should be well aware of that. The most common hindrance is the altitude sickness. But with the help of proper itinerary, this could be mitigated. This trek is the highest rated altitude sickness prone area. No matter how fit and experienced you are in mountaineering, you should follow the given itinerary that could prevent this. We have come across so many of the professional and experience mountaineers who have to get lifted through airways to Kathmandu because of this altitude sickness. Thus certain itineraries are important to be followed for trekking to mountains higher than 5000m.

Here you will get an idea of how to plan your EBC trekking. There are so many options that depend upon your time to the trip and the travel experience you are expecting to have. Here are a few choices listed under:

Trekking Routes to EBC

5-7 Days for Viewing Everest

You should come for at least a week to see the beautiful Everest Peak. Along with that, you can trek in Sagarmatha National Park. Here you can catch the glimpse of Mt. Everest. It is called Everest view trek and it is the shortest known trek in Nepal in the Everest surrounding areas.

 Sagarmatha National Park Sagarmatha National Park

This is the best option for those who have a very little time to spend in Nepal and also for those who have young kids with them. It is also a great option for those who are not fit enough to trek over 4000m and also do not want that the opportunity to see the breathtaking Everest peak misses out. Here is the sample itinerary for the entire tour:

Day 1 - Fly to Kathmandu to Lulka and then trek towards Phakding.
Day 2 - Trek to Namche Bazar from Phakding.
Day 3 - Side trip or an Acclimatisation to Khumjung, Everest View Hotel, Syanbouche.
Day 4 - Trek from Tengboche to Namche
Day 5 - Trek to Monjo from Tengboche
Day 6 - Trek to Lulka from Manjo
Day 7 - Trek from Lukla to Kathmandu

If you are not able to spend the entire week for it, you can change this itinerary to 5 days, but in that case, Tengboche will be missed. However, the view of Everest is much closer and nicer from Tengboche so we recommend you to not to miss this place. Here is how you can travel in just 5 days:

Day 1 - Fly to Lukla and then to the trek of Phakding from Kathmandu
Day 2 - Trek to Namche Bazar from Phakding
Day 3 - Side trip or an acclimatization to Khumjung, Everest View Hotel, Syanbouche.
Day 4 - Trek to Lulka from Namche.
Day 5 - Fly to Kathmandu from Lulka.

10 Days to Gokyo

Gokyo Valley is named among the highest lakes in the world and also regarded as the 7th most beautiful wonders in Asia. This valley is regarded sacred and is a home to 5 holiest lakes flowing in Nepal. In the itinerary given below, you will be taken 3 of those lakes which will come across your way to Gokyo Ri. Gokyo Ri is at an altitude of 5375m which makes it the most scenic place of the trip.

 Gokyo Valley Gokyo Valley is regarded sacred and is a home to 5 holiest lakes flowing in Nepal

The trek to Gokyo Valley will reward all the travelers with a stunning view of four great peaks including Mt. Everest at 8848 m, three peaks are of Mt. Lhotse of 8500m altitude. Some others are Mt. Cho-yu of 8200m height and Mt. Makalu at 8482m height. For most of the EBC tourists, kala Patthar is fairly known as the best spot to view the Everest peak rather than Gokyo Ri as Kala Patthar provides a much closer look. No doubt, the view of Everest is outstanding in Gokyo Ri also. Here is a sample itinerary for the trip:

Day 1 - Fly to Lulka for trekking in Phakding from Kathmandu.
Day 2 - Trek to Namche Bazar from Phakding.
Day 3 - Side trip and acclimatization to Khumjung, Everest view Hotel, Syanbouche
Day 4 - Trek to Dole from Namche
Day 5 - Trek to Machhermo from Dole.
Day 6 - Trek to Gokyo from Machhermo
Day 7 - Trek at Gokyo Ri and then Trek to Dole
Day 8 - Trek to Monjo from Lulka
Day 9 - Trek to Lulka from Monjo.
Day 10 - Flight back to Kathmandu from Lulka.

>> Read more about Guide to Gokyo Cho-la Pass EBC Trek for Experienced Trekkers in Nepal

12 Days to EBC

EBC is at an altitude of 5360m which is a well known classical route to most of those travelers who desire to know the Everest area well. If anyone is fit enough to walk for 5-8 hours and can cross minimum 400m to maximum 600m in a day, he can complete his EBC trek in 12 days. These 12 days of the itinerary is an ideal schedule for the one who is fit enough for high altitude treks.

 Tengboche Tengboche

Day 1 - Fly to Lulka for trekking in Phakding from Kathmandu.
Day 2 - Trek to Namche Bazar from Phakding
Day 3 - Side trip and acclimatization to Khumjung, Everest View Hotel, Syanbouche
Day 4 - Trek to Tengboche from Namche
Day 5 - Trek to Dingboche from Tengboche
Day 6 - A day of rest in Dingboche and exploration at Nagarjuna or Chukung Hill.
Day 7 - Trek to Labuche from Dingboche
Day 8 - Trek to Gorakshep from Labuche and on the same day a trek to EBC
Day 9 - Trek to Kalapatthar from Gorakshep and then trekking to Pheriche
Day 10 - Trek to Namche from Pheriche
Day 11 - Trek to Lukla from Namche
Day 12 - Fly back to Kathmandu from Lukla

14 Days to EBC (Recommended)

14 days itinerary to EBC is most suitable to those whose area of interest is trekking and hiking but had never gone to any high altitude trekking i.e. they have no or zero experience of trekking. This itinerary will make sure that altitude sickness should be avoided to its maximum. This itinerary is the most recommended itinerary for the clients.

 Everest Base Camp Trek People are enjoying EBC trek in Nepal

Day 1 - Fly to Lukla from Kathmandu for trekking to Phakding
Day 2 - Trek to Namche Bazar from Phakding
Day 3 - Side trip and acclimatization and side trip to Khumjung, Everest View Hotel, Syanbouche
Day 4 - Side trip and acclimatization to Thame which is the largest village of Sherpa’s
Day 5 - Trek to Tanbouche from Namche
Day 6 - Trek from Dingboche from Tengboche
Day 7 - Rest for a day at Dingboche and then start the exploration to Nagarjuna Hill or Chukung
Day 8 - Side trip and acclimatization to Chunkung or the Island Peak base camp.
Day 9 - Trek to Lobuche from Dingboche
Day 10 - Trek to Gorakshep from Lobuche and on the same day go for the EBC trek.
Day 11 - Trek to Kalapatthar from Gorakshep and then go for trekking to Pheriche.
Day 12 - Trek to Namche from Pherichev Day 13 - Trek to Lukla from Namche
Day 14 - Flight back to Kathmandu from Lukla

>> Read more about Different Trekking Routes to EBC from Lukla

Must See Himalayan Wonders During Your EBC Trek in Nepal

EBC trek is the most adventurous trek in the world. It gives you a lifetime experience. Unlike the common misconception that EBC trek is beyond ordinary tourists’ reach, in fact trekking to the Everest Base Camp is an achievable task even for amateur trekkers with full preparation. EBC in Nepal has many attractions. On your route to EBC, you will see Sagarmatha National Park and Sherpa Bazaar. You will start your trekking journey from Lukla. Usually, trekkers fly to Lukla from Kathmandu and then to Namche Bazaar. Finally, they move to Dingboche. It takes about 6 hours to reach the Everest Base Camp from Dingboche. The trekking route to EBC will acquaint you with numerous beautiful sceneries of Nepal.

You can see and trek along the valley of Dudh Kosi river. You will also see Kwangde peak while passing through Sagarmatha National Park and the Namche Bazaar. Many peaks and rivers will fall in your way to EBC. Beautiful peaks will glorify the essence of your whole journey. To enjoy this bounty of nature, one should visit Nepal EBC for once in his lifetime. The stunning views of Himalayas are the key attractions of EBC trek in Nepal. The most important of them are:

Mt. Everest

Though the actual view of Mt. Everest at EBC might not be that impressive compared with the view in Tibet, the excitement for standing at the foot of the world’s highest mountain still allures numerous trekkers for visit. You can enjoy the massiveness of Mt. Everest and gigantic icy Khumbu icefall, with lofty snow-capped peaks lining on both sides, such as Ama Dablam, Pumori, and Nuptse.

As you trek from Lluka,the first view of this mountain is from Lhotse-Nuptse Ridge, which is a forested path going to Namche. Also at the top of the Bazaar, you will get to see some Everest view hotels from where you can get a magnificent view of the peak. Another view of Mount Everest is from Kala Patthar. It is a black rock located in the southern ranges of Himalayas. This is the highest point to view Mount Everest and gives you the closest and a clear picture of the peak.

Khumbu Icefall

It is located in the Khumbu Glacier. It is formed due to the fast movements of Khumbu Glacier. The view is spectacular but dangerous too. The best time to trek here is early morning, as the ice is not melted till then, otherwise, it will be slippery afterwards.

Kala Patthar

In Nepal, the word Kala Patthar means a black rock. It is the most popular landmark of Nepal. It is located to the south of Himalayan ranges, just above the Gorak Shep. It is among those places from where Mt. Everest can be seen clearly.

Khumbu Glacier

It is situated between Lhotse-Nuptse Ridge and Mount Everest. It begins from Western Cwm and flows down through the Khumbu Valley. After melting, it drains into Lobuche River. This glacier is the highest of all glaciers in the world. The slow-moving ice from the glacier in the form of the river can be best seen from EBC or the Kala Patthar.

Nangkartshang Peak

It has a spectacular view of the Khumbu region. The peak is situated over Dingboche and is not an independent mountain rather it is a sub-peak of high ridges. People stay in Dingboche for some rest. Climbing Nangkartshang is also a way to spend out your rest day in an exciting way.

Travel Documents Needed:

Keep the following documents handy while trekking to EBC:
1. Passport
2. A photocopy of the first page of passport
3. Two pictures of yours in passport size
4. Nepal Tourism Visa

Best Time for EBC Trek in Nepal

March, April, May and late September, October and November are the best months for Nepal EBC trek. These months are free from Monsoon. During this period, you can see beautiful peaks and bountiful sceneries as the skies are clear. The temperature is also mild, i.e. just 15 Celsius. Travelling during September to November, there is superb visibility in the sky and during the months of March, April and May, you will see lovely wildlife and vibrant flowers that would add a surprising look to your trek.

Dining and Accommodations

EBC in Nepal is quite developed as compared to EBC in Tibet, so you may find good accommodation facilities there. This trekking route can be labelled as the “tea house trekking route” as after every two to three hours, you may get a tea house where you can stay and chat with rest of the trekkers. Also in tea houses, you may get your meals. The food may or may not be hygienic. If you have a doubt regarding the quality of food, take some packed and instant food with you. Bring raw materials to cook the food. Also carry some chocolates, dry fruits and carbohydrate-rich food with you. Instant noodles and soup is your life saviour in the journey.

 Tea House There are many tea houses along the trekking routes

Also, carry some raw ingredients to make your own tea or coffee. Bring disposable cups, flasks and glasses for serving. These beverages maintain your body temperature. Carry packed drinking water with you. Never think of drinking water from flowing rivers or streams as they contain contaminated water and may affect your health adversely. Keep purification tablets for purifying water.

>> Read more about Accommodation and Dining during EBC Trek in Nepal

Packing List for EBC Trek

1. Clothes

EBC in Nepal is at a higher altitude, so you pick up your clothes with precision. You will have to face a chilled and harsh weather along with a few weather turbulence. So the basic cloth stuff you need will include:
• Caps and hats of every type and woollen scarves too.
• Woollen gloves
• Socks of both types: cotton and woollen
• Overcoats and woollen jackets
• Sufficient cotton clothes should also be packed, especially the casuals.
• Raincoats, windcheaters and flannels should be packed
• Both woollen and cotton trousers are to be packed
• Both cotton and woollen inner wears should be packed.

2. Trekking Gears

The basic trekking gears include:
• Bring rented trekking gears as buying them will cost you a lot. You can find those trekking gears in Thamel, Kathmandu. An essential instrument is the balancing stick that helps the trekkers to ascend through difficult routes.
• You also need flashlights and sufficient batteries along with that stick.
• Trekking gears also include goggles. Despite having sunglasses, you need goggles for a comfortable trek.
• Quality trekking boots are essential for any trek.

3. Accessories

The first thing that you will require is a backpack which is enough spacious but also light in weight. Other things that would be required by you are- waterproof covers, hiking shoes and sunglasses. You must carry one sleeping bag and a waterproof tent so that you may rest anytime wherever you feel tired. Also keep knife, solar power batteries, chargers, camera kits and head torch with you. You will always need them and thus should never be avoided.

4. Personal Stuff

The route to EBC is very toilsome. It is remote and arid. Therefore there is always a scarcity of amenities. So it is better to only carry things you need, so that you may not face any kind of difficulty. Following things should be kept with you:
• Tissue papers
• High SPF sunscreens and UV protective facilities as the sun rays in high altitudes are quite strong.
• For keeping your dry skin moisturized, keep moisturisers with you.
• You also need moisturizers for preventing frostbites.
• Lip balms that contain sun protection
• Female toiletries and essentials are necessary to carry.
• Carry toothpaste, toothbrush, shampoos and oils in small pouches
• Carry dry shampoos and insect repellents
• Combs should also be carried.
• Keep powdered spray for feet to prevent odour of prolonged wearing of socks.
• Flannels and sponges
• Soaps
Keep all your things and toiletries personal.

5. Medicines and First Aid

You should carry a first aid box before you go to such an altitude. It is common to experience small blisters and cuts while trekking to such a rough and difficult terrain. Therefore you should prepare a first aid kit containing the following things:
• Antiseptic creams and lotions to combat injuries.
• Digestion syrups if any problem of digestion is faced.
• Purification tablets to purify drinking water
• All kind medicines like altitude sickness, diarrhoea etc.
• Ibuprofen or painkillers
• Blister Plasters
• Bandages
• Band-Aids

If you want to trek to EBC, follow the best travel route. Trekking at higher altitudes is very hard, so keep all the necessary things along with you. Follow the instructions of your tour guide well.

Kham Sang

About the Author - Kham Sang

Kham Sang is responsible and honest with more than six years of guide experience in Tibet.She has strong interpersonal skills and can communicate effectively with tourists.

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