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Top 8 Famous Himalayan Mountains in Shigatse

November,13 2018 BY Lobsang Tsering 0 COMMENTS

The Himalayas or Himalayan Mountain Range is known as the highest mountain range that separates Tibetan Plateau from Indo-Gangetic Plain. From west to east, its enormous body crosses Pakistan, Indian, Nepal, China (Tibet) and ends up in Bhutan.

Formation of Himalayan Mountain Range 

The Himalayan Mountain Range was formed by powerful collision between Indo-Australian Plate and Eurasian Plate around 50 million years ago. And currently the movement of Indian Plate stays alive and keeps moving northward at a speed of more than 5 centimeters each year. That explains why sporadic seismic activities are felt in Himalayan Mountain Range and Mt. Everest (8844.43m) is still growing.

formation of himalayas Himalayas comes into existence as a result of the collision between two plates.

Himalayas Tibetan Plateau

himalaya mountains in shigatse
Some of the well-known Himalaya Mountains in Shigatse

Arguably, those who long to experience the essence of natural wonders on Tibetan plateau, one place they couldn’t afford to miss is Shigatse Prefecture---home to the world’s summits. Stretching over 2,400 km from northwest to southeast, the Himalayan range is jointly shared by China(Tibet), Nepal, India, Bhutan and pakistan. Proudly, five of the 14 world’s highest mountains(above 8000m) are situated in Shigatse Prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region, China.

In addition, over one fifth of world’s top 100 independent summits are scattered in Shigatse, such as Tingri county, Nyalam county and Gyirong county which borders Nepal. The abundant towering snow-capped mountains truly make Shigatse one of prime attractions in Tibet. Let’s check some of the giants in Shigatse.

Mt. Everest(8844.43m) (also known as Mt. Qomolangma)---- the world’s summit

mt.everestA Panoramic View of Mount Everest from Rongbuk Monastery

Widely lauded as the highest mountain in the world, Mt. Everest symbolizes the “sacred mother of land” in the legends of Tibet. The legend goes that the five fairies of longevity love residing on the top of Mt. Everest. So, they swear to Guru Rinpoche to protect the people, land and Buddhism down below the holy mountain. 

And the best time to visit Mt. Everest at Everest Base Camp (5200m) would be from April to June and Sept. to Nov. You would be likely to enjoy the stunning view like Flag Clouds over Mt. Everest and its sunning sunrise and sunset.

How Tall Is Mt. Everest?
Traditionally, the height of Mt. Everest is known as 8848,13m. However, the latest official measurement in 2005 rewrote the number to 8844,43m. Therefore, many wondered how come Mt. Everest became shorter. And the reason is very simple that 8844,43m is the pure altitude of the mountain without taking into account the thickness of snow ( around 3.5m) covered on the summit of Mt. Everest. It would be more accurate to meter the height of Mt. Everest without including the snow as the thickness of snow on the top of the mountain changes during different seasons. Yet, one thing for sure is that Mt. Everest keeps growing at a speed of 1cm per year.

Mountaineering Route in Mt. Everest
For years, mountaineers and explorers follow two climbing routes to summit Mt. Everest. One is from the North Col(6990m) while the other one is either from Western Cwm or South Col (7985m). Ever since Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay first summited Mt. Everest in 1953, there were 5656 people who successfully stood on the highest place on our planet. (according to the statistics in march,2012) and 165 of them died on their way to reach the summit of Mt. Everest. For majority of tourists, touring Everest Base Camp remains high on their bucket list.

Lhotse(8516m)---- the Guardian of Mt.Everest 

enjoy the flank of Lhotse from NepalTourists are enjoying the flank of Lhotse in Nepal.

Being the fourth highest mountain in the world, Lhotse actually consists of 5 mountains with its main summit at an altitude of 8516m. The closeness between Lhotse and Mt. Everest (around 3km) gives Lhotse the title of the guardian of Mt. Everest. The highlight of enjoying Lhotse would be its South Face that has a sheer drop of over 3000m.

To the top mountaineers, ascending Lhotse is never a pushover. The lofty mountain features menacing crags, massive floating glaciers, and sporadic avalanche and ice fall, etc. Many brave men ventured into Lhotse and never came back. Though part of the Lhotse is located in Tingri county, the best place to enjoy the majestic flank of Lhotse is in Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal.

Cho Oyu(8201m)----the God of Baldness

mountaineering training around Cho OyuMountaineers are camping around Cho Oyu and get ready for mountaineering trainings.

Sounds weird? Actually, Cho Oyu literally means “the God of Baldness” in Tibetan language to describe its vast and relatively even summit. Because of this, climbing Cho Oyu, the sixth highest mountain on our planet, provides the best entrance-level training for those who want to challenge the mountains with an altitude of 8000m.It is also the only mountain that has the lowest mountaineering fatality at an altitude of above 8000m.

The best place to have an panoramic view of Cho Oyou is around Saga county, Shigatse prefecture or on the mount Gokyo Ri(5360m) in Nepal. In addition, Cho Oyou together with Gyachung Kang forms the source of the largest glacicer---Ngozumpa Glacier.

Shishapangma(8013m)---- the Place of Saint 

the vast grassland around ShishapangmaA herdman is seen before Shishapangma.

Utterly unapproachable and apathetic, Shishapangma is vividly described as “the Place of Saint” in Sanskrit. In reality, it is the breathtaking beauty and relentless climate in Shishapangma that give tourists the deepest impression. Located in in the middle of the Himalayan range, Shishapangma is the only mountain(over 8000m) completely within the Chinese territory.

As the 14th highest mountain in the world, Shishapangma along with Langtang Hima and Baiku Himalayas makes the distinct glacial climate that brings heavy snowfall in Nyalam county every winter. Tourists can have the best view of Shishapangma in Nyalam Tong La, the last pass along G318(China National Highway)

Gyachung Kang (7952m)---the 15th Highest Mountain in the World 

Gyachung Kang Lofty Gyachung Kang 

Little known as it is, Gyachung Kang is truly a mountain that dominates global mountains with the exception of top 14 mounts. In Sherpa, Gyachung Kang is portrayed as the mountain where hundreds of valleys converge. It might be difficult to tell where Gyachung Kang is as its ridge joins Cho Oyu’s. Tourists can go to Garbra glacier in Gamba county, Shigatse prefecture or Gokyo Ri on Nepal side to enjoy the Gyachung Kang and Cho Oyu that stand side by side.

Chomolhari(7326m)--- the Bride of Kangchenjunga


Chomolhari is one of the few mountains that stay out of people’s attention. Situated in the middle of Himalayan range, Chomolhari dominates the border between Yadong county of Tibet, China and the Thimphu district of Bhutan. To Tibetan Buddhists, Chomolhari is believed to be one of the residences of five fairies of longevity, a similar legend shared with Mt. Everest. From its literal meaning, “Chomo” means a female goddess for protection.

Up till now, the notoriously steep topography has made it unreachable to world-wide mountaineers. To the west of Chomolhari, lies a turquoise lake called Duoqing lake or lake of romance. The alpine lake, made by melted snow from the surrounding mountains. The lake becomes a great company to Chomolhari as if they are a loved couple.

Pumo Ri (7156m)--- Unmarried Daughter

Pumo RiPumo Ri

Pumo Ri lies on the Sino-Nepal border in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas. Although there is only 8km away from Pumo Ri to Mt.Everst, we may not be able to see entire from Tingri, Tibet. The best viewing place is in Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal. Pumo Ri features a perfect triangle contour, and partly because of this peaceful and dignified shape it is named “unmarried daughter” by Sherpas. Probably, what made this mountain so well-known was the avalanche tragedy on April, 2015 triggered by Nepal earthquake. The accident led to 18 deaths in the South Everest Base Camp in Nepal, the worst tragedy in history.

Ganesh Himal---Majestic Yet Rarely Known

Ganesh HimalStunning Ganesh Himal

Standing on both sides of Nepal and Tibet, China, Ganesh Himal is even less known to the majority of tourists. In fact, Ganesh Himal consists of a number of mountains above altitude of 7000m. The massive mountainous range resembles a group of running elephants. However, to be able to have the best view of see these mountains, you can board the plane from Kathmandu to Pokhara or international flight from Kathmandu. Travelling to Kathmandu from Tibet is also a great option to enjoy himalaya mountains.

Lobsang Tsering

About the Author - Lobsang Tsering

I am a tour guide in Tibet an was Born in Kham Tibet, I am the father of 2 little girls, bachelor's degree. I have more than 7-years experience of being a tour guide in Tibet. I am a warm, friendly, knowledgeable and attractive guy.

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