Nomads of Tibet
Nomads are those people who are used to travel from place to place for seeking food for their yaks sheep and horses. Over here in Tibet there are lots of nomads. In Tibetan words, we are used to call them Drogpa.
Nomadic life in Tibet
Black yak wool or white canvas tents are Tibetan nomads’ houses with simple lifestyle and little furniture. There are a stove in the center of the tent. And dried yak dung is used to be the main fuel without trees. The weather of nomadic regions is very cold even in the summer time. To collect yak dung is a simple and important job for females in a nomad’s family, because dried yak dung is the only fuel for heating the tent and cooking. At night, to keep warm Tibetan nomads sleep with quilts and sheep or yak skins.
The green grassland is dotted with Tibetan nomads tents.
Food is shortage and limited in nomads region, so dried yak meat, cheese, yogurt, tsamba, and butter are their staple food in daily life. Milk tea is the main drink of Tibetan nomads. Some Buddhist pictures are found in the back center of tents. They are pious believers to Buddhism with mantras chanting.
Though nomads travel from place to place, they are used to stay at a place rich in grasses for days to graze their cattle and then they shift to another place near to some streams and good pasture. Most of them might stay in a specific place for a month. Those nomads who are staying in a lower altitude would stay at a place for whole year because of more herbs in lower altitude.
There are two types of nomads. One is Drogpa who lead a life fully as nomad travelling here and there. Some of them have house in pasture but most of them still use Dragur (Tibetan nomads’ tent which is made from yak hair). The other one is Samadrog who do nomad in summer only and in winter they bring back all their cattles with them to their home. They are kind of like semi farmer and semi nomad.
Tibetan nomads are cooking in the nomadic tents.
If you really want to see how they live you can do trekking in the nomadic area. You will meet lots of nomads on the way. Some of them are Drogba and some of them are Samadrog. It usually starts in April when they go up on the hill for grazing for their hundreds of cattles. Nomads still do butter products as they want and they exchange things like butter with farmers. It is very interesting that these nomads can tell you weather condition by watching sky and wind blowing.
You might see lots of nomads on your way to tour in Tibet but if you go for a trek, you will really join in them and their life for a better understanding of their life which is so simple and relaxing.